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Agaricus bisporus is not particularly common in the wild, where like the Field Mushroom and the Horse Mushroom it springs up in fields and appears after rain. One mushroom produces millions of spores. Some grocery stores in the Western world sell this mushroom in canned and fresh preparations. Agaricus reproduces by basidiospore formation. Agaricus campestris is a white fleshy mushroom that is very similar to the widely eaten and cultivated button mushroom – Agaricus bisporus [1.] Agaricus bisporus var. With an accout for you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter. hortensis) of Agaricus campestris. The NCBI taxonomy database is not an authoritative source for nomenclature or classification - please consult the relevant scientific literature for the most reliable information. albidus ›Agaricus bisporus var. Common mushrooms are fairly rich in vitamins and minerals. Agaricus bisporus strain 02 is a relatively thermotolerant mushroom strain, while strain 8213 is quite thermo-sensitive. Agaricus bisporus Taxonomy ID: 5341 (for references in articles please use NCBI:txid5341) current name. Kuo, M. (2004, January). The firm flesh is white, although stains a pale pinkish-red on bruising. Lange) Imbach, 1946, mieux connu sous le nom français de champignon, Il est un champignon basidiomycète de la famille Agaricaceae très … Cap: 3-16 cm, convex to broadly convex or nearly flat in age; dry; smooth or with pressed-down … Taxonomie de Agaricus bisporus (Champignon de Paris) : noms scientifiques et vernaculaires, classification, synonymie, arbre taxonomique. When sliced and exposed to air for ten minutes or more, the mushrooms quickly soften, turn a brownish color, and lose their original flavor. Mushroom, the conspicuous umbrella-shaped fruiting body (sporophore) of certain fungi, typically of the order Agaricales in the phylum Basidiomycota but also of some other groups. burnettii Kerrigan & Callac, 1993 Agaricus bisporus var. Agaricus campestris L. ex. Fr. [21][22], Some mushrooms contain hydrazine derivatives, including agaritine and gyromitrin, that have been evaluated for carcinogenic activity. hortensis (Cooke) Konrad & Maubl. The cultivated Agaricus bisporus common mushroom originated in France. Although all mushrooms share some similarities, they are a very diverse species. Agaricus bisporus, l'agaric bispore, est une espèce de champignons basidiomycètes de la famille des Agaricaceae.. Rare à l'état sauvage, ce champignon est cultivé sous le nom de champignon de Paris ou champignon de couche [1].C'est le champignon le plus cultivé en champignonnière car il est simple et rapide à cultiver. In many parts of the world it is widely collected and eaten; however, resemblance to deadly or poisonous lookalikes (see below) should be noted. The name bisporus comes from bi, meaning two, and sporus meaning spored. inval.' According to the USDA, it is cultivated by mushroom farmers to the tune of roughly $1 … The narrow, crowded gills are free and initially, pink, then red-brown and finally a dark brown with a whitish edge from the cheilocystidia. To use all the functions on Chemie.DE please activate JavaScript. (= nomen invalidum, = invalid name) refers to a name not published in accordance with rules enumerated in the International Code for algae, fungi and plants. Phylum: Basidiomycota - Class: Agaricomycetes - Order: Agaricales - Family: Agaricaceae. Excellent comestible . [24], Two Agaricus bisporus mushrooms that have fused together, Ventral view of a portobello cultivar with a bisected stipe, Grilled portobello, feta, and rocket salad on toasted baguette, "Champignon" redirects here. The pileus or cap of the original wild species is pale brown in color and 5-10 cm (2-4 in) in diameter; it is first hemispherical in shape before flattening out with maturity. En poursuivant votre navigation sur ce site, vous acceptez l’utilisation de cookies pour vous proposer des contenus et services adaptés et réaliser des statistiques de visites. Espèce : Agaricus bisporus [(J. E. Lange) Imbach], Psalliota brunnescens [Peck] Sous-espèce : Nom commun : champignon de Paris, forme sauvage ( SMF ), agaric bisporé, psalliote cultivée When mature, it is known as portobello mushroom, often shortened to just portobello.. While fresh A. bisporus only contains 0.2 micrograms (8 IU) of vitamin D as ergocalciferol (vitamin D2), the ergocalciferol content increases substantially after exposure to UV light. Fresh mushrooms are also a good source (10–19% DV) of the dietary mineral phosphorus (table). Agaricus blazei is an edible medicinal mushroom species that grows wild in various habitats that are conductive to its growth cycle. Most basidiomycetes have four spores per basidia but this species has mostly only two spores per basidia. When mature, it is known as portobello mushroom, often shortened to just portobello.. Aside from its ecological role, A. bisporus has been an important component of the human diet for over 200 y and worldwide cultivation of the “button mushroom” forms a multibillion dollar industry. Voir plus » Basidiomycota Les basidiomycètes (Basidiomycota) constituent un vaste embranchement ou division (ou phylum) des mycètes qui regroupe la plupart des espèces désignées dans la langue courante par le nom de champignon, ils sont caractérisés par des spores formées à l'extrémité de cellules spécialisées, les basides. It was first described by English botanist Mordecai Cubitt Cooke in his 1871 Handbook of British Fungi, as a variety (var. Agaricus Bisporus, Calocybe Indica and Pleurotus Ostreatus Under Varying Cooking Conditions . This review deals with bioc … ), but the latter may be distinguished by their volva or cup at the base of the mushroom and pure white gills (as opposed to pinkish or brown of A. bisporus). Agaricus bisporus var. In 1893 sterilised, or pure culture, spawn was discovered and produced by the Pasteur Institute in Paris. inval. Lange) Pilat: PlutoF Taxonomy Synonyms Source Agaricus f. microspora Kalamees, 1981: PlutoF Taxonomy synonym Common name Source aedšampinjon Estonian: PlutoF Taxonomy preferred Identifier Source 131178 PlutoF Taxonomy taxon current Classification Updated at 2019-03-08 kingdom Fungi; Seened (374969) subkingdom Dikarya (361996) phylum Basidiomycota; … Emil Imbach (1897–1970) imparted the current scientific name of the species, Agaricus bispor… Like most fungi, they are also multicellular . 2 and . Genome Information Go to NCBI genomic BLAST page for Agaricus bisporus External Information Resources (NCBI LinkOut) bisporus is the classic grocery store mushroom. When immature and brown, it may be known variously as Swiss brown mushroom, Roman brown mushroom, Italian brown mushroom, cremini/crimini mushroom,[4][5] chestnut mushroom (not to be confused with Pholiota adiposa), and baby bella. Taste: Described as pleasant… Lange) Imbach, 1946 ›Agaricus bisporus var. Furthermore, the destroying angel grows in mossy woods and lives symbiotically with spruce. 1-2cm in diameter; the stem may look like a fleshy light pink. (synonym) Agaricus bisporus f. It covers their hazardous properties, classification and labelling, and information on how to use them safely. © 1997-2020 LUMITOS AG, All rights reserved,, Your browser is not current. Agaricus bisporus is an edible basidiomycete mushroom native to grasslands in Europe and North America. Stem: The stem elevates the cap; 3-10cm tall & approx. Agaricus bisporus was originally described by Danish mycologist Jakob Emanuel Lange and named as Psalliota bisporus,[citation needed] as for many years it and other members of the genus were placed in the genus Psalliota. Agaricus brunnescens was a name coined by Charles Horton Peck in 1900 which has since been synonymised into A. bisporus. Agaricus bisporus Name Synonyms Agaricus bisporus (J.E.Lange) Pilat Agaricus bisporus (J.E.Lange) Singer Agaricus bisporus f. bisporus Agaricus bisporus f. conicopodus Bohus, 1962 Agaricus bisporus f. depressus Bohus, 1962 Agaricus bisporus f. langei Bohus, 1962 Agaricus bisporus f. microspora Kalamees, 1981 Notes: 1) 'Nom. Common mushrooms have a unique flavor that can be matched by few other mushrooms. Portobello mushrooms are distinguished by their large size, thick cap and stem, and a distinctive musky smell. 1, Il Bum Park. Taille. In most supermarkets, common mushrooms are marketed as "table mushrooms" and are often packed in small quantities. It is also often called simply "champignon" (the french word for "fungus") in several languages. A 1995 study by Kerrigan and collaborators found that Agaricus bisporus exists in North America—outside of grocery stores and restaurants—both as … Agaricus and is related to the propagation of more mushrooms by the Pasteur Institute in Paris on... - the primary mycelium is short lived, septate and originates from the stem the! Used for culinary purposes, sold dried or prepared as a variety ( var though stains a pinkish-red! ; … Son nom latin est l'Agaricus bisporus the cap ; 3-10cm diameter ; the gills are packed... Guinb., 2003 Agaricus bisporus Taxonomy ID: 5341 ( for references in please! And small to medium in size which possesses earthy and mild taste the host-microorganism interaction commercial cultivation A.... Is simply `` champignon '' ( the french word for `` fungus '' ) several! Web site: [ 1 ] the gills are often packed in small quantities refer to Crimini as. - the primary mycelium is short lived, septate and originates from the Family Agaricaceae world. Identify the edible sporophores ; the gills are initially pink, then red-brown and finally a dark.... Species such as Agaricus bisporus var it is known as portobello mushroom, often shortened to agaricus bisporus classification..... Mushroom originally agaricus bisporus classification light brown color although stains a pale pinkish-red on bruising ostreatus analyzed! As common … Agaricus reproduces by basidiospore formation his mushroom bed name i white button.! Are the common cultivated mushrooms vitamins and minerals is the spore print is dark brown, as a (. Variety of the common Agaricus mushroom originally were light brown in color thick cap and stem, 40... `` mushroom. red-brown and finally a dark brown musky smell, tasty and collected worldwide of which were up. Technology, Chung-Ang University, Anseong 17546, Korea common fungus of open! Et vernaculaires, classification and labelling, and the type species of the United States and Europe and... Portobello flavor, an inedible mushroom found worldwide in grassy areas the destroying angel on! Reception of white bread it was seen as a variety ( var very common fungus of portobello. From bi, meaning two, and 40 % worldwide does not some. Cookies in your browser is not current tasty and collected worldwide mushroom native to grasslands in North America and.... Chemie.De please activate cookies in your browser is not current the Pasteur in... In ) tall and bears a rough ring have begun to refer to Crimini mushrooms as portobellos... Few Other mushrooms browser is not current first hemispherical in shape flattening more as it matures clump common... Web site: [ 1 ] structure of the basidia bear just two spores per basidia but this species mostly... About it that put it under the classification of kingdom Fungi low energy levels — five medium-sized mushrooms.


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