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Because of its early history of Spanish colonization and rule, the official religion of the Dominican Republic is Catholicism. A church was built for her on the Hill of Tepeyac, which was also the site of the pagan Nahua goddess, Tonantzin. Despite high levels of Catholic religiosity in this region, huacas are still prominent symbols of Indigenous pride and heritage ( the flags of Uruguay, Argentina, and Peru contain various depictions of the Inca sun god, Inti). • Make reference to the course readings (ATTACHED), the film The Other Conquest, and research outside of the … Through its combination of Yoruba and Hispanic cultural and religious traditions, Santería While African tradition thrived in the Caribbean, another African syncretic religion known as Umbanda exploded in Brazil. Originally the god of the hunt, war, and the tribe of Mexica, Huitzilopchtli was redefined as the God of the Sun following Mexica's expansion and dominance of the Aztec Triple Alliance. This Haitian Voodou altar incorporates various Christian religious symbols. As independent and vastly diverse entities, the process of integration included culturally-particular ways of envisioning and representing the ‘native’ and the ‘foreign’ within different Latin American populations. However, the combative approach taken by the Catholic Church against nonconforming Incas typically resulted in disdain and avoidance of Catholicism rather than conversion. Winn, Peter. Was it really important that the Indigenous population understand that the Christian gods they were told to worship were strictly Christian? [5] In Andean America, the process of religious and cultural integration involved a complex effort on the behalf of the Spanish to both destroy the conflicting preexisting social aspects of Inca society while maintaining control and converting the larger population to Christianity6. • Describe how the devotion to the Virgen de Guadalupe has maintained indigenous religious traditions in Latin America through religious syncretism. [An iconic protrayal of religious syncretism in Latin America is a person walking out of church on Sunday mass, and then going under the bridge to witness and partake in some vodou under the bridge. There is no denying that superstition is taken seriously among Latinos. The Incas Under Spanish Colonial Institutions. SYNCRETISM IN LATIN AMERICA Paper instructions: • Discuss the role of syncretism and religious conversion in the film The Other Conquest. The syncretism between Christian and Umbanda religion gives us Our Lady of the Seafaring. The Catholic religion was the official religion of Bolivia until 2009 when the New Bolivian Constitution was approved and Bolivia became a secular country. You can get a more in depth look at this deity's background here, but for a quick overview, this deity was created by Miguel Sanchez, a Catholic priest, in 1648, but was embraced by the Christian clergy in Mexico as a way to convert the Indigenous population because of her Indian appearance. Both cultures shared the cross as a religious symbol and revered maternal religious figures. Establishment of Institutional religion is necessary in order for mergers to qualify as syncretic. While multiple syncretic religions developed in the Caribbean, the most prevalent were Haitian Vodou and Cuban Santeria. SYNCRETISM IN LATIN AMERICA • Discuss the role of syncretism and religious conversion in the film The Other Conquest. Some Jesuitmissionaries adapted local systems a… With the introduction of another culture, the Africans, into this New World, the pantheon just grew bigger.The Christians had not only the Indigenous idolatry to contend with, but they also had the deities of this other culture, the Africans, and their syncretism with the Indigenous culture to compete with. In essence what this boils down to is the clergy's decision to pick their battles. Religious practices during the Ancient Period in Latin America were spread orally within tribes and between civilizations through conquest. • Make reference to the course readings (ATTACHED), the film The Other Conquest, … Through its combination of Yoruba and Hispanic cultural and religious traditions, Santería exemplifies Latin America's unique syncretic religious landscape, and … This Haitian Voodou altar incorporates various Christian religious symbols. Despite high levels of Catholic religiosity in this region, huacas are still prominent symbols of Indigenous pride and heritage ( the flags of Uruguay, Argentina, and Peru contain various depictions of the Inca sun god, Inti).[7]. Religious Syncretism is the merging of different religious and theological systems of belief. While on the surface, Christian gods and deities such as saints and virgins were accepted by the Indians, they continued to worship their own gods in secrecy. • Describe how the devotion to the Virgen de Guadalupe has maintained indigenous religious traditions in Latin America through religious syncretism. Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. Discuss the role of syncretism and religious conversion in the film The Other Conquest. When a typical farmer and descendant of the Maya in the Yucatan Peninsula was asked why, if he was a Christian, did he make offerings to the chaac, the rain spirits, he answered, "Because I make milpa." Chinese Buddhism also developed according to the Principle of Religious Syncretism, even to the point where the … The unprecedented exploitation of the indigenous both the Taino people and imported slaves indelibly exacerbated feelings of alienation and subjugation, leading to multiple pronounced efforts to preserve cultural identities. Due to the different worldwide influences in the population of Latin America, religious syncretism can be found, whereby many religions have been combined to form new ones. Describe how the devotion to the Virgen de Guadalupe has maintained indigenous religious traditions in Latin America through religious syncretism. Many Aztecs adopted the view that Mother Mary was a representation of Tonantzin, the Aztec goddess of fertility. In Central America, the emergence of documented syncretic development emerged during the Aztec Empire's expansion and multiple revisions of the god, Huitzilopochtli. This practice is most prevalent in nations that have experienced rapid cultural integration, often through either colonization or expansion. 300 ce). Originally the god of the hunt, war, and the tribe of Mexica, Huitzilopchtli was redefined as the God of the Sun following Mexica's expansion and dominance of the Aztec Triple Alliance'. The decision of the Catholic Church to permit syncretic worship in the late eighteenth century, is reflected in the prevalence of huacas in modern day Andean America, . Or was it necessary for them to give up their own beliefs? Perhaps the most well known forms of syncretic religion that emerged in post-colonial Latin America developed from the integration of Spanish, French, Indigenous American, and African populations in the Caribbean. As independent and vastly di… [3] In both the Aztec and Inca Empires, syncretism emerged used as a device utilized to better control local populations and propagate the strength of the ruling power. Rather than adopt a policy of lenience towards local tribes as the Inca Empire had, the Spanish persecuted syncretism with methods “similar to those used in Europe by the Inquisition for the suppression of heresy.” [6] The decision of the Catholic Church to permit syncretic worship in the late eighteenth century is reflected in the prevalence of huacas in modern day Andean America. For example, Rastafarianism is a development of Christianity with a distinctive Caribbean take; Voodoo and Santería have roots in both Catholicism and traditional African religions. Farris, Nancy M. Maya Society Under Colonial Rule. Syncretism. [4] Indeed, this strong parallel inspired a unique idolization of Our Lady of Guadalupe in Mexico that remains an important aspect of Catholicism in Central America to this day [See: Marianismo]. I think this is the best example of Christianity in Latin America as understood by not only the Indigenous population, but even among modern Latinos. In Central America, the Aztecs transitioned into Christianity much faster than in many other regions of Latin America. Once again, in Brazil, Yemanja is one of the seven orixas of the African Pantheon and is also known as the Queen of the Ocean. While this practice pacified conquered tribes for nearly a century, the dissatisfied cults of local sacred huacas ultimately weakened the empire and led to a multitude of revolts. Syncretism can be termed as a process of integrating two or more aspects dominant in societies with a goal of coming up with a clone which is generally acceptable by the overall society. Because of this we see so many Christian deities with a dual identity in Latin America today. But contrary to popular belief this was not always a one way street. [2] In Central America, the emergence of documented syncretic development emerged during the Aztec Empire's expansion and multiple revisions of the god Huitzilopochtli. Starting with perhaps the most popular of dual identity Christian deities, the Virgen de Guadalupe is an example of this phenomenon. This was because the Indians were accustomed to accepting the gods of their conquerors into their pantheon, but they weren't so willing to cease the worship of the gods of their ancestors. Instances of religious syncretism—as, for example, Gnosticism (a religious dualistic system that incorporated elements from the Oriental mystery religions), Judaism, Christianity, and Greek religious philosophical concepts—were particularly prevalent during the Hellenistic period (c. 300 bce –c. Syncretism: Amalgamation of different religions, cultures, or schools of thought Research Question: What exactly allowed for the Santería's creation, popularity, and widespread following? Hist140 Wiki is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. SYNCRETISM IN LATIN AMERICA. The addition of multiple external belief systems and cultures led to an outbreak of syncretism and dynamic cultural integration to an already demographically diverse region. One can contrast Christian syncretism with contextualization or inculturation, the practice of making Christianity relevant to a culture: Contextualisation does not address the doctrine but affects a change in the styles or expression of worship. The Colonial Period did not merely introduce Christianity to Latin America, but also African Animism and Ritualism through the Atlantic Slave Trade. The Colonial Period did not merely introduce Christianity to Latin America, but also African Animism and Ritualism through the Atlantic Slave Trade. During the colonial period, the Spanish were intolerant of indigenous beliefs in Central and South America. Although Christians often took their European music and building styles into churches in other parts of the world, in a contextualization approach, they would build churches, sing songs, and pray in a local ethnic style. While the appearance on the surface may be one of Christian conversion, all that really happened was the addition of new deities to a pre-existing pantheon. UC Berkeley: Retrieved from: "The Religion of LAtin American and African Slaves.". The divergence of Christianity throughout Latin America fit well within existing cultural mechanisms of syncretic adaptation to conquest and cultural diffusion. After years of using force the Catholic monks and friars had to come to the realization that Christianity as a monotheistic religion was just not something that the Indigenous population embraced. 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